Surah Al Fatiha (the opening) Tafseer بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم Surah Al Fatiha ● First Surah of Quran ● Total Ayaat : 07 ● Makki (المکّي) Surah (revealed in Makkah) Surah Fatiha is the first Surah of Quran which revealed in Makkah. It consists of Seven verses. بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم is also included into it as An Ayah. Surah Fatiha is also known as Ummul Quran Al hamd As Salah As Shifa Al Ruqiya Dialogue between Allah & His slave through Surah Faitha ,that's why Surah Faitha known as Al hamd [Sahih Muslim, 395] According to Hadith, Surah Fatiha is called As Salah because without Surah Fatiha,Salah is invalid.“There is no prayer for the one who does not recite the Opening of the Book [i.e., al-Faatihah].” [Sahih al-Bukhaari, 714]Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) also called it As Shifa ( cure) from illness and Al Ruqiya ( remedy). Recite it with believe,Allah will surely help you. "In the name of God, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful". Surah Fatiha starts with the name of Allah & then Allah's most beautiful names & high Attributes Ar Rahmaan & Ar Raheem are mentioned in the first ayah through which Allah shows His mercy. Surah Fatiha is a prayer in which we are asking for something but one shouldn't ask bluntly. First We praise Allah Subhan wa Ta'ala. Allah is the Creator of this universe. He created everything. So,He alone is praise worthy. Everything is happening with His will. He knows about everything ,about His each & every creature. It should also be noted that not only Praise is for Allah but also Praise is only for Allah. None is praise worthy except Allah. He alone is Rab (master,owner,Guardian,sustainer) of this whole Universe. HE alone is the Lord of this universe. Al-Qurtubi said, "The proof that these names are derived (from Ar-Rahmah), is what At-Tirmidhi recorded - and graded Sahih from `Abdur-Rahman bin `Awf that he heard the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) Say, (Allah the Exalted said, 'I Am Ar-Rahman. I created the Raham (womb, i.e. family relations) and derived a name for it from My Name. Hence, whoever keeps it, I will keep ties to him, and whoever severs it, I will sever ties with him.') He then said, "This is a text that indicates the derivation.'' He then said, "The Arabs denied the name Ar-Rahman, because of their ignorance about Allah and His attributes.'' Al-Qurtubi said, "It was said that both Ar-Rahman and Ar-Rahim have the same meaning, such as the words Nadman and Nadim, as Abu `Ubayd has stated. Abu `Ali Al-Farisi said, `Ar-Rahman, which is exclusively for Allah, is a name that encompasses every type of mercy that Allah has. Ar-Rahim is what effects the believers, for Allah said, (And He is ever Rahim (merciful) to the believers.)' (33:43) Also, Ibn `Abbas said - about Ar-Rahman and Ar-Rahim, `They are two soft names, one of them is softer than the other (meaning it carries more implications of mercy).''' Tafseer Ibn Kathir He is the most merciful. Rahmaan and Rahim both derived from Raham (رحم) which simply means mercy. Allah emphasizes on His countless mercy by using Ar Rahmaan & Ar Rahim together.RAHMAAN has been mentioned 57 times and RAHEEM 114 times [114 is double of 57] in Quran. After saying that Allah is the most merciful, In the next ayah Allah tells that He is also the owner/master of the day of judgment.Even though He is the most merciful that His mercy overcoms His Wrath. Still He is the owner of judgment day and one should not forget about judgement day. In this ayah, We said to Allah that We worship You alone, & we ask for help from You alone. We submit ourselves to You alone & we ask you to help us because only You alone can help us. Guide us to the straight path.(6) The path of those upon whom You have bestowed favor, not of those who have evoked (Your) anger or of those who are astray.(7) Al-Fatihah directs the believers to invoke Allah to guide them to the straight path, which is the true religion, and to help them remain on that path in this life, and to pass over the actual Sirat (bridge over hell that everyone must pass over) on the Day of Judgment. On that Day, the believers will be directed to the gardens of comfort in the company of the Prophets, the truthful ones, the martyrs and the righteous. Al-Fatihah also warns about misguided ones who will face Allah's wrath on the day of judgment. ibn Kathir Reference : Tafseer ibn Kathir Tafheem ul Quran by maulana maududi DUA May Allah give all of us Ihsan, Ikhlas and Tawfeeq, and give all of us correct understanding of Islam and the Sunnah! May Allah give us tawfeeq to read & understand Quran with Tafseer ! May Allah make us among those who recite,understand and follow Quran & Sunnah in the best way !!! Ameen. I am just an ordinary & striving Muslim. If you find any mistake please correct me. I just tried to explain what I understand.Hope it is beneficial for you.Remember me & Muslim Ummah in your prayers.