Geography of Pakistan Geography of Pakistan consists of the best time to visit, the climate and the geographical features of Pakistan. Pakistan geography resides on both Indian and Eurasian tectonic plates. Provinces like Sindh and Punjab are situated in the northwestern corner of Indian Tectonic plate, whereas Balochistan and most of the North West frontier province are located in the Eurasian Plate. It is for this reason that the topography of Pakistan, especially Northern provinces and neighboring areas are extremely susceptible to the seismic tremors. Geography of Pakistan also gives information regarding the geographical regions in the country. The western border of Pakistan comprise of Khyber Pass and Bolan Pass on the Sulieman ranges and Kirthar range. Both these gateways are an important part of the traditional commercial route, apart from the Silk Route. These Passes were used as the traditional invasion routes by the invaders from Central Asia. The eastern and south eastern border of Pakistan runs 1280 kilometers along the boundary of India. Pakistan shares its north western boundary with Afghanistan. Geography of Pakistan can be categorized into three major areas. They are: the plains along Indus River, the northern highlands and the plateau. The mountain ranges along the Afghanistan border or the parts of the Thar deserts are also an integral part of the geography of Pakistan. The northern highlands include parts of Hindu Kush, the Himalayas and Karakoram mountain ranges. The area has the extreme elevation point in Pakistan: K2 peak of Karakoram ranges that measures 8611 meters and is the second highest peak in the world. Most of the summits in this area are over 4500 meters and traveling here is a dangerous task. Though geography of Pakistan comprise the famous and fertile Indus valley, the agricultural output is less than the international standards. The two river dams in Pakistan, namely the Tarbela dam on Indus near Taxila and Mangla Dam on Jhelum River facilitate the agriculture in Pakistan. The low rainfall in most of the province in Pakistan is one of the main reasons of low agricultural production. While the rest of the country receives adequate rainfall, the desert area of the south and southeast and the financial hub, Karachi receives a little precipitation.